Remote work ruins company culture
This statement has evidence to support and weaken its argument, but in relation to different aspects of remote work. On the one hand, remote work can weaken company culture by making cohesion and collaboration more difficult to achieve between remote workers. On the other hand, cohesion is still possible to achieve - it just takes more time and effort. Also, remote work can improve company culture and organisational commitment because remote workers appreciate the fact that the organisation is adapting to their needs by allowing them to work when it suits them.
Early research on remote work has suggested that physical separation between colleagues can increase psychological separation and restrict the development of cohesion24. In general, remote teams have weaker relationships with colleagues when compared to co-located colleagues25, 26, 27. Research suggests that how cohesive a team sees itself is a direct consequence of the methods of communication used by the remote team28, and the difficulties associated with them29.
While remote teams usually start with lower levels of cohesion, these improve over time as colleagues exchange more social information30, 31, 32, 33. Communicating more frequently, more predictably, and providing regular feedback improves effectiveness of communication and leads to more trust and better remote team performance34, 35, 36, 37, and enhances cultural understanding38, 39. Social conversations focusing on shared cultural aspects can help build social bonds and relationships in people of different cultures40. More recent research also found that remote work was positively related to organisational commitment41, and that remote workers valued organisations that integrated their needs by allowing them to work flexibly42.